The basic Linux commands

A few helpful commands to Linux:

pwd - it displays the path to the current directory
man - information about the command (for example, man pwd)
-help - information about the command (for example, pwd-help), "q" way out of the aid by ctrl-C
startx - go to graphics mode (if any is installed)
mc - midnight commander is a program for file management
mcedit - editor of text files (eg mcedit file.txt)
touch - for example, creates a touch file.txt
rm - to delete files such as rm file.txt
mkdir - creates a folder for example, the folder mkdir
chmod - giving power to files, eg chmod u rwx file.txt means giving the owner the right to read and write
rmdir - to delete a file, folder np.rmdir
ls - list the files in a directory
cd - to moving between folders, for example, continued / folder means the entrance to a folder, a CD .. output of poziam higher in the directory tree
whereis - searches for the file, for example, whereis gcc
cp - copy the contents of the files, such as cp source.txt dest.txt
mv - move a file or change the name, for example, the folder mv file.txt
date - displays the current date
ps - displays information about the processes in the system
cat - displays the contents of the file, for example, cat file.txt
who, finger - information about users logged
reboot - restart the computer
poweroff- shut down computer